Food Security
  • Land Appropriation & development
  •  From inception, RISE has given much focus on land appropriation through organizing land less people in rural areas. Land is not mere means of production; it is more than … It is a vital tool for develop self esteem/dignity, bargain capacity, social respect and purchasing power. So it is a political element to survive the poor in the society.
      RISE promoted several people organizations and enhanced the knowledge of land & revenue issues and build the lobbying capacities. Since people are organized, as collective demand on the land rights and shorted out land problems in the region. In certain cases they launched saga of struggle to capture the possession of land. Due to court litigation few land issues are still pending. RISE played a vital role by make using political will and administrative will to get the land for landless.
     We mobilized land by facilitating interventions of CBOs for 6965 families with the extent of 11394.28 acres of land in the tenure of 8 years.
     The rich experience of land appropriation, RISE promoted a network called AP Peoples Forum for Land Rights (APFLR) with the support of HEKS India. RISE taken the lead role in terms of collecting land details (non-controversial) and submitted to the government of Andhra Pradesh. Particularly during the year of 2006-07 the members of APFLR collected the land details in 668 villages of 61 mandals (4 districts), totally identified 104,802 acres along with 33532 eligible landless families. As a collective beside lobbying with state government, we initiated pressurizing process at micro level. Finally we obtained 19800 acres (in our proposed land) in 4th spell land distribution by Andhra Pradesh government.
     Similarly during 5th spell (2007-08) again we submitted 120,430 acres of land details along with 31 250 eligible families. Fortunately, the Chief Minister of Andhra Pradesh accepted our invitation, to have land distribution program at Tirupati by witnessing more than one lakh people. RISE/APFLR proud to take lead role to felicitate Dr. Y. S. Rajasekar Reddy, Chief Minister, Mr. Dharmana Prasadarao, Revenue Minister on behalf of APFLR and people of Andhra Pradesh. During this spell we mobilized 21,280 acres of land. It is a mile stone in the history of RISE to achieve large chunk of land for landless. During these two spells APFLR successfully mobilized 41,080 acres of land for 23,000 families in the districts of southern Andhra.
     APFLR had lobbying with revenue minister of AP to provide a scheme of Indira Kranthi Pathakam to develop those distributed land, so that these piece of land should not be captured by any elite groups in the local area. Secondly once this land is converted as cultivable land, it will attain the proposed objective of food security. Local landless labour groups started using the above said scheme in order to make land reclamation, leveling and bunding with the financial assistance of Govt of Andhra Pradesh.
  • Soil and water conservation - Sustainable Agriculture
  •   After long struggle people use to capture the land, unfortunately they are unable to convert them as cultivable, due to various factors. If we look the history again these lands going back to in hands of haves. That’s why RISE given priority to convert the wasteland as cultivable with minimal support. In this process RISE has strengthen working relation with local grass root organizations, who are in land struggles, provided financial assistance to develop those appropriated lands. RISE extended support for 1409 families of 147 villages for develop 2485 acres of land. Beside RISE support respected families contributed for further development of those lands in terms of irrigation, enerzisation etc. subsequently we linked them with various departments for soil and water conversation as well as agricultural support.
    Tank management program
      RISE is a member of Janathatakam a Network of NGOs from Rayalaseema region. It was supported by Society for Promotion of Wasteland Development – SPWD, New Delhi in order to increase the ground water resources in Andhra. RISE team, after participating in various trainings acquired the knowledge of TMP and initiated work in V. Kota Mandal.
    Chinthamakulapalli Tank
      RISE has been constructed new tank at Chintamakulapalli panchayat by forming Tank management committees – TMC and with the assistance of society for Promotion of Wasteland Development – SPWD, New Delhi. With the technical support of RISE consultants developed a tank design and estimated the cost of construction. Subsequently, had discussions with local communities and TMCs, finally TMC taken the responsibility to construct the tank by following the guidelines of RISE. They constructed tank with 35 feet width and length of 60 feet, and spreaded with the length of 410 feet. For strengthening the bund constructed stone revetment of 15 feet height and 70 feet length in both sides. The total stone revetment covered 7050 Cu ft on both sides and constructed bund with 1350 Cu ft. This tank has 125 acres of catchment area and increased 27 acres of command area. Since the people are own the program the entire construction was taken with minimum cost and high people participation. Secondly TMC took the responsibility to manage tank as well as distribution of water. They also planted samplings in command area to stop soil erosion and put fishery seed in the tank. As a result of this tank is improved the water table in 9 open wells and 7 bore wells.
     The total expenditure made during the construction of the tank is Rs. 2,30,875/- including people contribution of Rs. 57,790/- (25% of the cost). The TMC wrote on stone slab about the total sanctioned budget with their contribution to keep up transparency, which created very high profile of the TMC. Several officials visited and had interaction with TMC and acknowledge the cost effectiveness.
    Yarrampalli Tank
     This tank was provided irrigation facility for 85 acres of land of yarrampalli village. Since most of the tank area was encroached by few families, water storage was denied and deliberately breaches the tank bund and due to breach the tank bund the villagers are not having irrigation facility for single crop. RISE team was educated the villagers and motivated the encroachers to vacate the land. Since the issue was in court litigation, RISE team was lobbying with government officials and provided ultimate land to the encroachers and vacated the court litigation.
      Finally RISE formed Tank Management Committee in the village and provided financial support for strengthen the tank bund. Villagers are removed the silt in the tank with free of cost and increased the command area. Similarly RISE team motivated the villagers to convert the small tanks as percolation tanks by closing the sluice and also promoted Tank Management Committees for better management and distribution of water.
  • Protection and development of yanadi tribes
  •  RISE has initiated PDYT project for development of yanadi tribes in 6 eastern mandals of Chittoor district. As society aware that deprived community in the region of Rayalaseema is Yanadi Tribes. They are been notified as scheduled tribe in long back but no development taken place. Still they are voice less, faceless and deprived group. RISE taken decision to continue efforts with these indigenous people and encourage NGOs/CSOs to work with tribal groups by building the capacities and concepts in the region.
    Project Goal
     “To attain food security for yanadi tribes through land appropriation and practices of sustainable agriculture”.
     This project has adopted the Strategies of Land Appropriation, Sustainable Agriculture and Improving social capital.
    Sustainable Agriculture
     As a part of food security RISE promoted different activities for tribal families. Particularly RISE valuing traditional systems of agricultural practices and influencing the people to continue them. RISE promoted farmers schools to propagate traditional system of agricultural and danger of modern agriculture. As a part of extension RISE promoted bio pesticides, vermin compost, Bio Intensive Kitchen Gardening, seed plots, compost pits green manure etc.
    Organic Manure
    Vermi Compost
     RISE provided technical knowhow and financial assistance for tribal families of eastern mandals to promote vermi compost in their backyard. During this tenure we promoted 223 units for 192 tribal families. Most of them impressed to produce and apply vermin compost for their own extent of land. Some of them sold out the surplus manure with good marketing cost
    Compost pits
     Beside vermin compost RISE encourages compost pits by using agricultural waste for producing manure. As a part of demonstration 70 pits were promoted for 70 tribal families. The impacts of these units are very high among out caste people and started practicing. Similarly due to the impact of our education tribal farmers using more and more green manure and decline the usage of chemical fertilizers in 120 habitations
    Bio Intensive Kitchen Garden
     RISE initiated to promote Bio Intensive Kitchen Garden in all tribal families. Though there are some challenges like scarcity of water, less space, more personnel care during day time, but still all tribal families developed backyard gardens. It ensures to provide nutrition to the family members also supplementary income for the family. Most of the families are influence to have Bio Intensive Kitchen Gardens around the year. We find 2213 families are having Bio Intensive Kitchen Gardens in project area.
  • Community Resource Development Project - CRDP
  •  Community Resource Development Project has been launched in Puttur Mandal of Chittoor District, Andhra Pradesh. This project area is spread over 6 hamlets and consisting with 130 families. The proposed project area is in the lands of community joint farming society of Nesanur in Puttur Mandal. This CJFS area is consisting with 97 tribal families and 130 dalith families with the extent of 630 acres of land. Unfortunately, more than 3 decades the dalith land consist 200 acres was still with bushes and failed to convert land in to cultivate by government as well as community. RISE has taken this challenging task to make community as key actors in the whole process of resource development.
    Project Goal
     “To enhance the access and control over the resources in order to increase the self-dignity as well as better livelihood” with the interventions of CRDP.
     RISE organized socio economic survey to situation analysis and organized workshop with the key leaders of the community and prepared action plans with timeline. In this workshop we finalized the major interventions as follows.
    Resettlement
     As one of the study findings is due to people residing away from the proposed area (Native villages are away) people are not put attention to make use this land resources. Therefore it is need of the hour to have resettlement program for those families. With the continuous lobbying by RISE team with revenue authorities and successfully mobilized house sites for RK Puram (New settlement village). But in the beginning RISE provided materials and financial support to construct temporary houses for 100 families to reside in the project area. Subsequently we provided hand pumps for safe drinking water in 3 resettlement villages. Fortunately most of the people are started residing and developed approach roads for the resettlement.
    Land Development
     RISE promoted land development committees (LDC) in each village and facilitated them to take necessary decisions in developing their own lands. Project was engaged missionary for bushes clearance and leveling of the land. In this process respected families contributed 1/3 in the form of manual labour. With the joint efforts of RISE and community each family intend to develop 2 acres of land. Totally project leveled 200 acres of land by 150 families. After clearing the bushes and leveling land community taken the responsibility to clearing the land by removing stones and stumps in 160 acres of land. In this process of clearance we engaged Tractors for ploughing the land, community taken the responsibility for removal of boulders and stones along with bund formation. As a part of land development, community initiated to apply the 20 truckloads of silt in each acre from the tank to increase soil fertility.
    Irrigation
     RISE was engaged AFPRO team, Bangalore for geological survey to have surface bores in the project area. The technical unit of AFPRO peg mark 36 points during the geological survey. After the geological survey they recommended 18 points. RISE has been drilled 18 bore wells and made yield test by AFPRO. After yield test they recommended energysation for 13 bores. The land development committee constantly lobbying with electricity board for energysation for all bore wells, meanwhile RISE team assisted the farmers to get the pump sets from the government and successfully mobilized 6 pump sets with 40% subsidiary. Beside these pump sets RISE also provided 7 pump sets for remaining bores.
    Cropping
     RISE given much emphasis for food security had continuous interactions with our target communities. So, most of them prioritized to food crops in the developed land. During first year they brought 62 acres of land under crop. During 2nd phase they brought 32 acres of land and 3rd phase 41 acres got under crop. At the end of the project 135 acres of land was under crop by the community. RISE team was constantly educated them to practice of sustainable agriculture methods such as green manure, vermin compost, bund farming, usage of local seeds etc. As a part of water conservation the community practicing bio diversity and reducing the dependency on seed companies. Beside above said land there are some up lands which doesn’t have irrigation facility was covered with mango plantation. These mango samplings are provided by government and encourage people to intercrop during the monsoon. They started putting millets, green gram and jowar as inter crop in the mango garden. Since there is a lot of demand for vegetables 25 families continuously put the vegetables in their own small piece of land.